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Study: BPA May Increases Risks for Miscarriage

Oct 15, 2013

Bisphenol A—BPA—the ubiquitous estrogenic plastics chemical—has been found to increase miscarriage risks, according to emerging research.

The study was just presented at the American Society for Reproductive Medicine's (ASRM) annual meeting in Boston and revealed that women with the highest levels of blood BPA had a significantly increased likelihood of miscarrying when compared to women with the lowest levels, according to

"Many studies on environmental contaminants' impact on reproductive capacity have been focused on infertility patients and it is clear that high levels of exposure affect them negatively," said Dr. Linda Giudice, president of ASRM, in a statement, according to "These studies extend our observations to the general population and show that these chemicals are a cause for concern to all of us."

BPA is banned in Canada and the European Union and, in the United States the chemical is banned from sippy cups and baby bottles. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has refused to approve a BPA ban, according to

The study found that miscarriage risks increased with higher BPA levels. "The association identified with miscarriages is biologically plausible, and of great concern," Dr. Leo Trasande, an associate professor of pediatrics and environmental medicine at the NYU Langone School of Medicine, told in an email. "While further study is needed, the findings add to the case for revisiting the decision by FDA not to ban BPA in food uses," he added, reported. Trasande's research has tied exposure to BPA with increased risks for childhood obesity, as well as increased risk factors for heart and kidney disease in children and teenagers.

ASRM and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) published a joint statement last month, asking physicians to increase awareness in pregnant women concerning environmental toxins and how to avoid them. The two groups also sought policy changes, according to "Lawmakers should require the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and industry to define and estimate the dangers that aggregate exposure to harmful chemicals pose to pregnant women, infants, and children and act to protect these vulnerable populations," Dr. Jeanne A. Conry, president of ACOG, said in September.

BPA is a ubiquitous phenol-acetone chemical, an anti-androgen (BPA blocks hormone activity), an estrogenic mimicker, and a hormone disrupter that has been linked to chromosomal damage and egg development disruption in lab studies. BPA leeches from food/beverage containers into foods and leaches into the skin and into products—hot or cold—from common items (paper money, toilet paper, receipts).

BPA can interrupt sexual development and processes, especially in developing fetuses, infants, children, and teens; the chemical’s links to reproductive system diseases are overwhelming and impact fetal development, likely due to its hormone-mimicking and -blocking properties. BPA is also known to have effects on uterine health and mammalian reproduction; a deadly uterine infection; premature puberty; Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) and other female fertility and endocrine issues; and erectile dysfunction and male sexual problems, to name just a few issues research has revealed.

BPA’s effects are immediate, long lasting, and trans-generational. This means that BPA’s effects could continue for years into the future and its effects on past generations could harm future generations.

BPA can be found in plastics with recycle codes 3 or 7. Hot liquids should not be put in containers containing BPA, according to the FDA, wrote Bottles containing BPA that are scratched should be discarded as they may contain bacteria that increases the release of BPA, the FDA indicated.

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