According to the Brain Injury Association (BIA), falls are the most frequent cause of brain injuries (40.5 %), followed by vehicle-related collisions (14.3%), being struck by or striking against something (15.5%), and assault (10.7%). Brain injuries can also be caused by inhaling or ingesting toxins, by stroke, tumors, blood clots, electric shock, gunshot wounds, lightning strikes, explosions, shrapnel, drowning, falling, and medical malpractice. Brain injuries can also occur when the brain is deprived of oxygen, which sometimes happens during surgery.
The effects of a brain injury can include
- Sleep disturbance
- Sensitivity to noise or light
- Balance problems
- Decreased concentration and attention span
- Decreased speed of thinking
- Memory problems
- Depression and anxiety
- Mood swings
Severe brain injuries can result in temporary or persistent vegetative state or even locked-in syndrome, where the individual can move only the eyes.
Billions of dollars are spent annually in the direct treatment of brain injuries and for rehabilitation and long-term care. After a brain injury, the person may need to relearn regular activities such as walking and talking, and this can be a lengthy process.
Safety experts say there are many routine precautions that will reduce the number of brain injuries. While seat belts, helmets, window guards, handrails, nonslip mats, and other such measures can help prevent injuries, in some circumstances, the individual’s safety depends on the actions or inactions of others. In public places and in the workplace, carelessness or violation of safety rules can result in preventable brain injuries.
The law firm at Parker Waichman LLP has won substantial monetary awards for victims who have suffered brain injuries through the negligence of another party.
Parker Waichman LLPA National Law Firm with offices in New York City, Long Island, New Jersey, and Florida.
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