(Cryptosporidium News) Sat, 31 Jan 2015 23:08:20 -0500 Sat, 31 Jan 2015 23:08:20 -0500 pixel-app en Giardia, Cryptosporidium Found in Alamosa Water Thu, 10 Apr 2008 00:00:00 -0400 Cryptosporidium, in addition the Salmonella already being addressed.  The two parasites can cause diarrheal illness.

Last month, the water supply in Alamosa—an area in Colorado—became tainted with the salmonella bacteria, rendering the water there unfit to drink.  To resolve the problem, crews have been flushing Alamosa's water supply with chlorine, which has also rendered the water unfit to drink.  Because of the initially high concentrations of chlorine used in the weeks-long flushing process, the residents of Alamosa were also unable to shower, wash dishes, or brush their teeth with municipal water.

The samples containing the two additional parasites were drawn by the CDC prior to the start of the water system was flush and disinfection.  Additional sampling must be taken to confirm that the parasites were eliminated during the current, ongoing flush.  The state’s Water Quality Control Division took new samples Wednesday; however, lab results are not expected on these latest samples until sometime this weekend, at the earliest.  Once testing confirms the water is suitable for drinking, the state’s boil order will be lifted.

City, state, and federal officials flushed Alamosa's water system with heavy doses of chlorine last month.  Since then, none of the tap water samples tested by state officials contained any salmonella, said state health department spokesman Mark Salley.  According to city clerk Judy Egbert, Alamosa water could be fit to drink any day now, but added that it will be at least midweek before the water can be declared safe for drinking.

People infected with salmonella develop diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps within 12 to 72 hours of infection.  Laboratory testing is required to determine the presence of salmonella; additional testing can determine the specific type and which antibiotics are needed.  Generally, the illness lasts a week and most recover without treatment; however, the elderly, infants, and people with impaired immune systems may require treatment and—in some—hospitalization is required because the infection may have spread from the intestines to the blood stream and other body sites.  Severe cases can result in death if not treated.  Waterborne salmonella outbreaks are fairly rare, said Mark Salley, a spokesman for the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment.

Since March 19th, Alamosa residents have been unable to use tap water for brushing teeth, washing dishes, drinking, and cooking.  Schools and restaurants were closed and the National Guard was distributing bottled water.  The chlorination treatment moved into Stage 2 last weekend with lower chlorine levels that allowed most adults to take brief showers.  As of Tuesday afternoon, there were 389 total cases of salmonella, with 107 of these culture-confirmed and 16 hospitalized.  It is not known how the water initially became contaminated with the salmonella bacteria and, to date, about 10,000 people are affected by the contamination.

Baby's Bliss Gripe Water, Chinese Made Supplement Subjects of Health Canada Alert Thu, 03 Jan 2008 00:00:00 -0500 Health Canada alert this morning.  The products, which are touted as natural remedies for stomach ailments in children, have been found to be contaminated.  The Baby’s Bliss Gripe Water is tainted with the parasite Cryptosporidium, while the Zhong Ti Xiao Er Jian Pi San has been found to be contaminated with an unspecified microbial.   The Baby’s Bliss Gripe Water was already recalled by the US Food & Drug Administration (FDA) for Cryptosporidium contamination in September.

Baby's Bliss Gripe Water is a natural health product given to infants to ease the stomach discomfort and gas often associated with colic, hiccups and teething. Baby’s Bliss Gripe Water is sold by MOM Enterprises of California.   The Health Canada alert applies to the apple flavor variety of Baby’s Bliss Gripe Water. This product comes in a four-ounce plastic bottle inside a cardboard carton. The label reads: “Baby's Bliss Pediatrician Recommended Gripe Water Apple Flavor”.   According to Health Canada, the Baby’s Bliss Gripe Water might be contaminated with Cryptosporidium.  Cryptosporidium is a parasite that lives in the intestines of infected humans or infants. The parasite is found in soil, food, water or on surfaces that have been in contact with infected human or animal feces. The parasite causes diarrhea, dehydration, weight loss, stomach cramps or pain, fever, nausea and vomiting. It can be particularly dangerous for young children, who are more susceptible to the effects of dehydration.   At least one infant in the US is known to have become sick after drinking the Baby’s Bliss Gripe Water. Symptoms of Cryptosporidium infection usually appear between two and 10 days after ingesting something contaminated with the parasite. Caregivers of children who were given the Baby’s Bliss Gripe Water should be on the lookout for signs of infection in children and themselves. If Cryptosporidium infection is suspected, it is important to seek medical attention.

Zhong Ti Xiao Er Jian Pi San is a natural health product promoted for use in children to treat stomach upset and digestive problems. According to the Health Canada alert, the product comes in a 20g pack in powder form.  Zhong Ti Xiao Er Jian Pi San is manufactured by MOH Pharmaceutical Technologies in Malaysia and distributed in Singapore by Chung Kuo Refined Chinese Medicine Dealers Ltd.  The health alert was issued because Zhong Ti Xiao Er Jian Pi San could be contaminated with an unspecified microbial.   According to Health Canada, microbial contamination of health products can pose a risk to human health and may cause a variety of adverse effects, including bacterial infection. The product is promoted for use in children, who may be at higher risk of adverse effects, compared with other populations, due to their immature immune systems. Consumers exposed to microbial contamination may experience various symptoms depending on the type of bacteria present.

Baby’s Bliss Gripe Water and Zhong Ti Xiao Er Jian Pi San are not authorized for sale in Canada, and neither product has been found in any Canadian store.  However, Health Canada is concerned that the products could have been purchased by Canadians travelling abroad or may been brought into Canada through personal importation by travelers or purchased over the Internet.

Baby's Bliss Gripe Water Recalled Due to Cryptosporidium Contamination. Parasite May Have Sickened At Least One Infant. Fri, 21 Sep 2007 00:00:00 -0400 Food & Drug Administration ordered the recall after a 6-week old infant became sick after drinking Baby’s Bliss Gripe Water.

Cryptosporidium is a parasite that lives in the intestines of infected humans or infants.   The parasite is found in soil, food, water or on surfaces that have been in contact with infected human or animal feces.  The parasite causes diarrhea, dehydration, weight loss, stomach cramps or pain, fever, nausea and vomiting.  It can be particularly dangerous for young children, who are more susceptible to the effects of dehydration.

MOM Enterprises Inc., the manufacturer of Baby’s Bliss Gripe Water, is recalling the apple flavored variety of the product.   The recalled Baby’s Bliss Gripe Water bears a the code 26952V and an expiration date of October 2008 (10/08).   The product is labeled “Baby’s Bliss. Pediatrician Recommended Gripe Water. Apple Flavor.”  It is an herbal supplement used to relieve gas and stomach discomfort associated with colic, hiccups and teething in infants and children.  Anyone who has the recalled Baby’s Bliss Gripe Water should throw it away immediately.

At least one infant is known to have become sick after drinking the Baby’s Bliss Gripe Water.   Symptoms of Cryptosporidium infection usually appear between two and 10 days after ingesting something contaminated with the parasite.   Caregivers of children who were given the Baby’s Bliss Gripe Water should be on the lookout for signs of infection in children and themselves.  If Cryptosporidium infection is suspected, it is important to seek medical attention.

Generally, most people will recover from Cryptosporidium; however it can be dangerous for children, pregnant women, older people and those with weakened immune systems.  Fluid loss from dehydration is extremely dangerous for infants, the people most likely to consume Baby’s Bliss Gripe Water.  Caregivers should discuss fluid replacement options with their pediatricians should a child become infected.  To avoid infection themselves, caregivers should be sure to wash their hands thoroughly following diaper changes, even if they are wearing gloves.

Baby’s Bliss Gripe Water is only the latest popular children’s product to be implicated in an outbreak of food poisoning.   Earlier this summer, Veggie Booty, an organic snack mix, was blamed for an outbreak of Salmonella poisoning that sickened more than 100 people, mostly children.   And in February, several children became ill after Salmonella-laced Peter Pan and Great Value Peanut Butter sickened more than 600 people.  Baby carrots, salad mix and fresh bagged spinach have also been recalled this year due to contamination with food borne bacteria and parasites.

CDC says some foodborne illnesses rose in 2006 Thu, 12 Apr 2007 00:00:00 -0400
The data come from the CDC's FoodNet surveillance system, which covers about 15% of the US population and collects information from 10 states. A report detailing the 2006 findings appears in the Apr 13 issue of Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Increases in E coli cases over the past 2 years have erased declines that occurred in 2003 and 2004 when beef-processing safety measures took effect, and the number of Vibrio infections rose to its highest level since FoodNet surveillance began in 1996.

CDC director Julie Gerberding, who introduced the report today at a press conference, said the results show that more work needs to be done on the food safety front, particularly in the fresh-produce industry, which in 2006 had nationwide outbreaks involving spinach, tomatoes, and lettuce. "We need ongoing work to reduce exposure of our produce to E coli O157," she said.

Robert Tauxe, deputy director of the CDC's division of foodborne, bacterial, and mycotic diseases, told reporters that to reduce fresh produce–related illnesses, the industry should follow the example of the meat industry, which saw outbreaks decrease after it developed a set of food safety engineering principles.

"The meat industry shared information among themselves, in a noncompetitive arena, about what was successful," he said.

The CDC uses FoodNet data to assess national trends in foodborne illness. The agency compares each year's disease outbreak totals with data from 1996 through 1998, the first 3 years of FoodNet's surveillance program. The CDC noted that Campylobacter, Listeria, Shigella, and Yersina infections continued a slow decline from that baseline period, though most of the decrease occurred between 1999 and 2002.

FoodNet surveillance identified a total of 17,252 laboratory-confirmed foodborne infections in 2006. Salmonella accounted for 6,655 cases, about 39% of the total. There were 5,712 Campylobacter cases, about 33% of the total. The CDC reports 2,736 Shigella cases, 859 Cryptosporidium cases, and 590 cases of Shiga toxin–producing E coli (STEC) O157. The rest of the cases included STEC non-O157 (209), Yersinia (158), Vibrio (154), Listeria (138), and Cyclospora (41).

The FoodNet system recorded 71 cases of hemolytic uremic syndrome, a life-threatening complication of E coli O157 infections, among children in 2005, the latest data available, which is up from 44 cases in 2004.

Compared with the CDC's 2005 report, the new report shows little change in illness rates for many of the pathogens FoodNet tracks. The rate of salmonellosis cases in 2006 was 14.81 per 100,000 people, compared with 14.55 in 2005. The 2006 and 2005 incidence rates for others are as follows: Campylobacter, 12.71 and 12.72; Shigella, 6.09 and 4.67; Cryptosporidium, 1.91 and 2.95; and E coli O157, 1.31 and 1.06.

To adjust for the increase in the FoodNet surveillance area since 1996, the CDC uses a statistical model to estimate the changes in rates of foodborne infections since the baseline period. Estimated declines include 50% for Yersinia, 35% for Shigella, 34%, for Listeria, and 30% for Campylobacter. Incidences of Cryptosporidium and E coli did not change significantly from baseline.

The incidence of Salmonella infections did not decrease from baseline, though the CDC noted some changes in the serotypes identified: S Typhimurimum decreased significantly (41%), but significant increases were seen for S Enteritidis (28%), S Newport (42%), and S Javiana (92%).

Among the notable changes, the rate of Vibrio infections compared to baseline was up dramatically in 2006 at 78%, compared to 41% in 2005. Of the 147 cases recorded by FoodNet in 2006, 94 (64%) were parahaemolyticus isolates.

Craig Hedberg, PhD, a foodborne disease expert and associate professor of environmental and occupational health at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis, told CIDRAP News that he didn't see many striking changes in the 2006 FoodNet report. Some of the increase in E coli O157 infections could be linked to the nationwide outbreaks, he said, but other environmental issues could be contributing to the problem.

The higher than normal S Javiana incidence could suggest that there may be some risk related to produce, Hedberg said, noting that the strain has been associated with previous tomato-linked outbreaks.

It's not clear what the higher incidence of S Enteritidis cases means, he said, noting that the predominant phage type is associated with chicken meat, rather than eggs. "Chicken is one of the most commonly eaten foods, so given the widespread consumption, a small problem with food handling, either in the restaurant or in personal kitchens, can translate into larger volume issues," Hedberg said.
Cryptosporidium Food Poisoning Lawsuits Illness, Outbreak, Exposure | Bacteria, Contamination Thu, 12 Apr 2007 00:00:00 -0400 Cryptosporidium Bacteria Borne Poisoning Lawsuits

Cryptosporidium | Lawsuits, Lawyers | Food Poisoning: Illness, Outbreak, Exposure | Bacteria, Contamination

Cryptosporidium is a common diarrheal disease caused by microscopic parasites. Once an animal or person becomes infected, the parasite lives in the intestine and passes in the stool. The parasite is protected by an outer shell that allows it to survive outside the body for long periods of time and makes it very resistant to chlorine-based disinfectants. The disease and the parasite are both commonly referred to as crypto. Over the past two decades, crypto has become one of the most common causes of waterborne and foodborne diseases within humans in the United States. The parasite may be found in drinking water and recreational water in every region of the United States.

Cryptosporidium can be found in soil, food, water, or surfaces that have already been contaminated with infected human or animal feces. If a person swallows the parasite they become infected. You cannot become infected through contact with blood. The parasite can be spread additionally by:

  • Accidentally putting something into your mouth or swallowing something that has come into contact with feces of a person or animal infected with Cryptosporidium.
  • Swallowing recreational water contaminated with Cryptosporidium (Recreational water includes water in swimming pools, hot tubs, jacuzzis, fountains, lakes, rivers, springs, ponds, or streams that can be contaminated with sewage or feces from humans or animals.) Note: Cryptosporidium can survive for days in swimming pools with adequate chlorine levels.
  • Eating uncooked food contaminated with Cryptosporidium. Thoroughly wash with clean, safe water all vegetables and fruits you plan to eat raw. See below for information on making water safe.
  • Accidentally swallowing Cryptosporidium picked up from surfaces (such as bathroom fixtures, changing tables, diaper pails, or toys) contaminated with feces from an infected person.


Symptoms generally begin 2 to 10 days (average 7 days) after becoming infected with the parasite. In persons with healthy immune systems, symptoms usually last about 1 to 2 weeks. The symptoms may go in cycles in which you may seem to get better for a few days, then feel worse again before the illness ends. Common symptoms include:

  • Watery diarrhea
  • Dehydration
  • Weight loss
  • Stomach cramps or pain
  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

People Most At Risk

  • Children who attend day care centers, including diaper-aged children
  • Childcare workers
  • Parents of infected children
  • International travelers
  • Backpackers, hikers, and campers who drink unfiltered, untreated water
  • Swimmers who swallow water while swimming in swimming pools, lakes, rivers, ponds, and streams
  • People who drink from shallow, unprotected wells
  • People who swallow water from contaminated sources
  • People who have eaten uncooked foods

Legal Help For Victims Affected By Cryptosporidium

If you or a loved one developed the waterborne/foodborne disease Cryptosporidium as a result of drinking contaminated water or eating uncooked food and you suffered serious health ailments, please fill out the form at the right for a free case evaluation or call us at 1-800-YOURLAWYER (1-800-968-7529).