A study at the University of Iowa, published in the current issue of the Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, has found that the use of the popular antibiotic amoxicillin during infancy doubles the risk of problems with permanent teeth later in life.
Amoxicillin is widely used to treat ear infections in young children and babies. The researchers followed 579 children from birth through 32 months. 91% of the children were prescribed amoxicillin at least once.
The study found that 24% of the participants developed dental flourosis, a condition characterized by various degrees of staining and other noticeable damage to teeth, including pitting.
The condition is usually caused by over-exposure to fluoride while teeth enamel is being formed.
The study revealed that using amoxicillin on children between the ages of six months and three years doubled the risk of dental flourosis.
The study authors recommend that doctors and parents closely monitor the use of the antibiotic in young children, particularly while children