Monsanto's Roundup Linked to Leukemia, Hodgkins and Lymphoma
Monsanto's Roundup Herbicide Linked to Leukemia (Multiple Myeloma, Myeloma), Hodgkins and Non-Hodkgins Lymphoma, Parkinson's Disease; and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD)
Roundup is the world's most popular herbicide. An herbicide is a type of weed killer and pesticide that has been sold since the 1970s.
Research has found that Roundup is tied to some life-threatening health risks. Environmental and plant scientists and consumer groups are concerned that glyphosate, the main ingredient in the weed killer, Roundup, may cause serious health issues, such as cancers and Parkinson's disease. Roundup herbicide is made by the Monsanto Company and is used on crops, such as corn and soybeans. These crops are often modified to survive Roundup's deadly effects. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States farmers used about 185 million pounds of glyphosate in 2007, double the amount used six years prior.
Roundup herbicide exposure may happen to crop workers, applicators who spray Roundup, workers exposed to benches and other woods at large home improvement stores, people who work in smaller nurseries, and people who work at farm stands.
If you or someone you know has been exposed to Monsanto's Roundup and developed leukemia, lymphoma, Parkinson's disease, or liver disease, the attorneys at Parker Waichman would like to hear from you.
Court Documents Raise Monsanto Cancer Questions
Court documents are raising cancer questions concerning Monsanto's blockbuster weed killer, Roundup. The federal court in San Francisco unsealed documents that are raising fears that the main ingredient in Monsanto's Roundup, glyphosate, might cause cancer.
While industry-funded research has long found Roundup to be comparatively safe, a case being heard in federal court in San Francisco challenged that conclusion and is building on the findings of an international panel that asserted Roundup's main ingredient, glyphosate, might cause cancer, according to a March 2016 CNBC report.
Court documents included Monsanto's internal emails and email traffic between Monsanto and federal regulators. The documents suggest Monsanto had ghostwritten research that was later attributed to academics and also revealed that a senior official at the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) worked to suppress a review of Roundup's glyphosate meant to have been conducted by the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), CNBC wrote. The documents also revealed that there was some divergence within the EPA over its own safety assessment.
The files were unsealed by Judge Vince Chhabria who presides over the litigation brought by individuals who allege to have developed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma due to glypohosate exposure. The litigation followed a determination made about two years ago by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), a branch of the World Health Organization (WHO), that indicated that glyphosate was a probable carcinogen, as well as citing research linking the chemical to non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
Court records reveal that Monsanto learned of the determination months prior from Jess Rowland, an EPA deputy division director. The determination led to Monsanto preparing a public relations offensive when it discovered the determination well in advance of the publication. Internal Monsanto email traffic indicated that Mr. Rowland promised to quash efforts by the Department of Health and Human Services to conduct its own review.
CNBC reported that a 2015 email written by Dan Jenkins, a Monsanto executive, indicated that Mr. Rowland-referring to the other agency's possible review-indicated that, "If I can kill this, I should get a medal," Rowland allegedly told a Monsanto regulatory affairs manager in 2015 concerning the planned investigation from the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry concerning glyphosate, according to Organic Authority. The review did not occur; however, in a different email, Mr. Jenkins noted to a colleague that Mr. Rowland was planning to retire and said he "could be useful as we move forward with ongoing glyphosate defense." Allegations include that former EPA pesticide division manager, Jess Rowland, stopped the 2015 investigation into glyphosate after it became public following a series of court documents that were made known in March following the U.S. Right to Know campaign.
Glyphosate has been proven to be a likely carcinogen by the WHO and has been tied by independent, peer-reviewed studies to liver damage, Alzheimer's, autism, gluten intolerance, digestive problems, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, and increased sensitivity to other food-borne toxins, Organic Authority reported.
At the time of the planned investigation, Rowland was overseeing an EPA committee that discovered insufficient evidence to conclude glyphosate causes cancer, yet two reports the committee relied on to reach this conclusion happened to have been ghostwritten by Rowland himself and his boss, Bill Heydens. "We would be keeping the cost down by us doing the writing and [outside scientists] would just edit and sign their names so to speak," Heydens wrote in an e-mail, which also indicated that Monsanto had used this process for a 2000 study, according to Bloomberg. Rowland left the EPA in 2016 days after the report was leaked to the press, court documents indicated. Since then, he has become the focus of more than 20 lawsuits against Monsanto, including the case currently being heard by U.S. District Judge Vince Chhabria in San Francisco, Organic Authority reported. Lawyers for the plaintiffs contend Rowland had a "highly suspicious" relationship with Monsanto at the time of these allegations, and Chhabria said he is inclined to order Rowland to submit to questioning. "My reaction is when you consider the relevance of the EPA's reports, and you consider their relevance to this litigation, it seems appropriate to take Jess Rowland's deposition," said Judge Chhabria.
Meanwhile, glyphosate dangers remain unresolved. Some agencies-the European Food Safety Agency and the EPA-disagree with the IARC findings, minimizing cancer risk concerns. Monsanto continues to strongly maintain the safety of glyphosate, wrote CNBC. Meanwhile, court records discussed the level of debate within the EPA. In fact, the agency's Office of Research and Development raised issues concerning the robustness of an assessment carried out by the agency's Office of Pesticide Programs in which Mr. Rowland was then a senior official at and recommended in December 2015 that it take steps to "strengthen" its "human health assessment," according to CNBC.
In a statement, Monsanto indicated that, "Glyphosate is not a carcinogen," adding that "The allegation that glyphosate can cause cancer in humans is inconsistent with decades of comprehensive safety reviews by the leading regulatory authorities around the world. The plaintiffs have submitted isolated documents that are taken out of context." Monsanto also rejects suggestions that the disclosures highlight issues and rejects claims that the academic research it underwrites is compromised and often cites the research to back up its safety claims on Roundup and pesticides. Meanwhile, in a recently unsealed email, Monsanto executive William F. Heydens, advised other company officials that they could ghostwrite research on glyphosate, hiring academics to place their names on papers that were, in fact, written by Monsanto. "We would be keeping the cost down by us doing the writing and they would just edit and sign their names, so to speak," Mr. Heydens wrote, citing a previous occasion in which he said the company had done this, according to CNBC.
When asked about this exchange, Monsanto indicated in a second statement that its "scientists did not ghostwrite the paper" that was referred to or previous work, adding that a paper that eventually appeared "underwent the journal's rigorous peer review process before it was published." David Kirkland, a scientist mentioned in the email, said in an interview, "I would not publish a document that had been written by someone else," adding that, "We had no interaction with Monsanto at all during the process of reviewing the data and writing the papers," CNBC reported.
Yet, the disclosures are only the most recent to raise concerns about the integrity of academic research financed by agrochemical companies. In 2016, a review conducted by The New York Times revealed how the industry manipulates academic research or misstates findings. For example, declarations of interest included in a Monsanto-financed paper on glyphosate that appeared in the journal Critical Reviews in Toxicology indicated aid that a consulting firm recruited panel members. Email traffic that was made public revealed that Monsanto officials discussed and debated scientists who should be considered, and shaped the project, CNBC pointed out.
Over the last 20 years, Monsanto has genetically re-engineered corn, soybeans, and cotton making it easier to spray them with the Roundup. To date, approximately 220 million pounds of glyphosate were used in 2015 in the United States, alone.
Monsanto's FIFRA Stance Can't Nix Roundup Cancer Suit
In a lawsuit brought against Monsanto-Hardeman v. Monsanto Company et al., case number 3:16-cv-00525, in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California-a California federal judge refused to throw out a lawsuit against the weed killer manufacturer on April 8, 2016. The man claims that his cancer is the result of long-time use of the carcinogenic weed killer, Roundup, which is manufactured by Monsanto. The judge rejected arguments that the plaintiff' allegations are preempted by the Federal Insecticide Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA), according to Law360.
Monsanto argued for dismissal of the lawsuit that it claims attempted to hold Monsanto accountable for the man's 2015 diagnosis of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The argument failed when presented to U.S. District Judge Vince Chhabria who found that the plaintiff's state's (California) failure-to-warn claims are valid and based on FIFRA, meaning they are not preempted by the Act, as Monsanto claimed, wrote Law360.
Judge Chhabria did acknowledge that California law "can sometimes" allow a manufacturer to escape liability when a warning would be uncalled for; however, the man's claims arise out of FIFRA's stricter provision that mandates "adequate" warning with no regard to reasonableness, according to Law360. "In this light, it's hard to see how" the plaintiff's "failure-to-warn claims could 'be construed more broadly than' FIFRA," the judge said on April 8, 2016. "Indeed," the man's "complaint explicitly bases his California-law failure-to-warn claims on Monsanto's alleged violation of FIFRA." Monsanto's argument that the man's failure-to-warn claims are also preempted since the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) approved Roundup's product labels, Judge Chhabria said, adding that approval does not prohibit private litigation on FIFRA. "The mere fact that the EPA has approved a product label does not prevent a jury from finding that that same label violates FIFRA," he said.
The judge also rejected Monsanto's claim that the plaintiff cannot continue with his strict liability allegations since his claims that Roundup and its active ingredient, glyphosate, a known carcinogen, are "inherently and unavoidably dangerous." The plaintiff alleges that Roundup did not contain the warning it should have, according to the Order and brought his lawsuit against Monsanto in early February 2016. The lawsuit alleges that Monsanto led to his non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, a cancer that affects the immune system and white blood cells. He alleges that he regularly used Monsanto's Roundup since the 1980s to control poison oak and weeds on his property. He also alleges that Monsanto did not contain the appropriate warnings concerning the dangers the weed killer presented to human health and was generally "unfit and unsuitable to be marketed and sold in commerce," his complaint indicates.
The plaintiff also claims Monsanto has been aware of Roundup's carcinogenic properties since shortly after its development in 1974 and cited the World Health Organization's (WHO) International Agency for Research on Cancer's (IARC) 2015 study designating glyphosate as an herbicide "probably carcinogenic to humans." Due to IARC's findings, the California EPA followed with an announcement in September 2015 that it would officially list glyphosate as a known carcinogen under California's Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986.
Monsanto followed with a lawsuit against the California EPA, arguing in January 2016 Monsanto's right to due process was violated by the proposal.
Meanwhile, Monsanto faces an array of other lawsuits over the allegedly cancer-causing nature of Monsanto's Roundup, predominantly in California. In at least two cases, Monsanto alleged a lawsuit was preempted by FIFRA; in another case, Monsanto made similar claims. The various plaintiffs are diagnosed with multiple myeloma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
WHO Report on Glyphosate Cancer Link
The WHO’s cancer group, the IARC, announced in 2015 that glyphosate is "classified as probably carcinogenic to humans," according to The New York Times. The agency made the classification based on studies of glyphosate exposure in the United States, Canada, and Sweden since 2001. WHO noted that evidence exists that glyphosate may be cancer-causing to people with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
Glyphosate has been found in food, water, and air following spraying, according to the report. The IARC also noted that the EPA has approved increased tolerance levels for glyphosate in 2013.
Roundup's main active weed killer ingredient, glyphosate, may lead to a variety of significant and deadly diseases, including:
- Leukemia: Multiple myeloma, myeloma
- Lymphoma: Non-Hodgkin's, Hodgkin's
- Parkinson's disease.
- Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD)
Monsanto Sues California EPA
Monsanto filed a lawsuit against the State of California's EPA in January 2016. The lawsuit was filed in an effort to prevent the EPA from following the WHO's recommended cancer classification of glysophate, the main ingredient in Roundup. Monsanto claims that the agency "blindly" followed WHO's panel's designation. Monsanto also alleges that California's Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment stopped its right to due process when attempting to list glyphosate as known to California state to cause cancer under Proposition 65. The case is Monsanto Company v. Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment et al., case number 16-CECG-00183, in the Superior Court of the State of California for the County of Fresno.
Among other things, Proposition 65, which was passed in 1986, is meant to help ensure pollutants that cause cancer, birth defects, or reproductive harm are kept out of drinking water. The law also states that businesses must post a warning when their operations or products will expose people to chemicals on the state's list.
Monsanto challenged the legal mechanism associated with California's listing, indicating that the move was "virtually automatic" following IARC's finding that glyphosate is probably carcinogenic. Monsanto also alleged that the portion of California's Labor Code citing IARC's findings is a basis for Proposition 65 listings and is in violation of the California and United States Constitutions.
Meanwhile, a farmer in Hawaii and a former California field worker cited the IARC's findings in lawsuits alleging Roundup caused their cancers; Monsanto has moved to dismiss these cases.
Symptoms of Parkinson's Disease and Various Cancers Associated with Glyphosate
- Blurred vision with excessive tearing
- Contracted pupils
- Excessive sweating, salivation
- Hand Tremors
- Loss of appetite associated with nausea, stomach cramps, diarrhea
- Loss of Coordination
- Slow pulse
- Anemia (low red blood count)
- Chest pain, pressure
- Enlarged lymph nodes
- Feeling full after small meals
- Night Sweats
- Shortness of breath, cough
- Swollen belly
- Weight Loss
- Enlarged spleen (pain, swelling, discomfort in the abdomen)
- Night sweats
- Pain, swelling in the neck, head, groin
- Weight loss
- Easy bleeding, bruising
- Frequent or severe infections
- Petechiae (tiny red skin spots)
- Recurrent nose bleeds
- Swollen lymph nodes, enlarged liver or spleen
- Weight loss
Parkinson's Disease (general)
- Abnormal tone, stiffness in the body, arms, and legs
- Continuous "pill-rolling" motion of the thumb and forefinger
- Decreased eye blinking, facial expression
- Difficulty rising from a sitting position
- Lightheadedness, fainting when standing
- Monotonous speech
- Slowness of voluntary movements, especially when starting these movements, such as walking or rolling over in bed
- Shuffling with poor arm swing and stooped posture
- Swallowing problems in later stages
- Unsteady balance
In its March 2015 report, the IARC wrote that, "Glyphosate currently has the highest global production volume of all herbicides. The largest use worldwide is in agriculture. The agricultural use of glyphosate has increased sharply since the development of crops that have been genetically modified to make them resistant to glyphosate."
According to the National Pesticide Information Center (NPIC) in 2015, the herbicide glyphosate is applied to the leaves of plants and is meant to kill broadleaf plants and grasses. Glyphosate is used in agriculture; forestry; lawns; gardens; weeds in industrial areas; and, in some cases, aquatic plants. Glyphosate is also known as a non-selective herbicide. This means it will kill most plants and prevents plants from making certain proteins needed for the plant and microorganism growth. The NPIC is a cooperative agreement between Oregon State University and the EPA.
How Exposure to Glyphosate Occurs
The NPIC notes that people may be exposed to glyphosate when using glyphosate-containing products. Roundup is one such product.
Glyphosate may get on the skin, in the eyes, on the hands, in the mouth, and in the lungs. Exposure may occur by touching the product and then touching other parts of your skin, such as your eyes. Exposure may also occur by breathing in the product when spraying. You may also be exposed by swallowing a product such as Roundup if eating or smoking after spraying without first washing your hands.
Roundup Cancer Studies
New studies link Monsanto's Roundup to cancer and Parkinson's disease. A 2011 report published in the journal Parkinsonism Related Disorders discussed a 44-year-old woman diagnosed with Parkinson's disease symptoms after three years of glyphosate exposure when she worked in a chemical factory.
In 2014, Rodale Wellness wrote about a large increase in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma cases in the prior 30 years. A review, published in 2014 in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, looked at 44 scientific papers to understand how 80 active ingredients in 21 different chemical classes affected farm workers' risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The IARC found that exposure to glyphosate doubled a person's risk of developing non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. A 2014 Norwegian study found very high levels of Roundup in U.S. genetically engineered soy crops.
Glyphosate is so heavily used that it is being found in the rain. The growth is blamed on the increase in genetically engineered seeds, which are needed to survive heavy spraying that may lead to glyphosate toxicity from the weed killer, Roundup. Weeds are becoming resistant to glyphosate due to its overuse and farmers are using more and more of the weed killer to compensate for this resistance.
"Data has been emerging that point to various health and environmental consequences resulting from glyphosate and Roundup use. These include an increased risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma," among others, said Warren Porter, PhD, professor of environmental toxicology and former chair of zoology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.
Roundup is sprayed on millions of acres of crops. Scientists remain worried about Roundup's health effects because glyphosate residue may increase the dangers of other chemicals and toxins found on crops. These substances may interfere with bodily functions, potentially leading to conditions such as various cancers-Leukemias and Lymphomas-and Parkinson's disease. According to a study published in the journal Entropy in April 2013, the authors said that, "[Glyphosate's] negative impact on the body is insidious and manifests slowly over time as inflammation damages cellular systems throughout the body." The researchers also said further review is critical and that their study "hit upon something very important that needs to be taken seriously and further investigated." Their study is one of many pieces of evidence to be submitted to the EPA, which is conducting a standard registration review of the chemical, glyphosate, to determine if it should be restricted.
Other studies have found similar links to Hodgkin's lymphoma and various leukemias, as well.
Due to Roundup's Cancer Link, France Banned the Weed Killer
In 2015, France banned Monsanto's Roundup weed killer after the United Nations (UN) classified Roundup's main ingredient, glyphosate, as a probable carcinogen. According to The Independent, French Ecology, Minister Segolene Royal, said, "France must be on the offensive with regards to the banning of pesticides…. I have asked garden centers to stop putting Monsanto's Roundup on sale"
Andreas Kortenkamp, professor of human toxicology at Brunel University, London, told The Independent in March 2015 that, "Professional gardeners would use industrial strength glyphosate to totally wipe their garden of all plants. Amateur gardeners can also buy it as Roundup in a formulation which is not as strong." Regarding glyphosate toxicity, she adds that, "Anyone who sprays it could get a whiff of it. People should be very careful with this stuff and consider whether they need it. Home gardeners should hand weed to be on the safe side."
Argentina Town Demands Action Over High Cancer Rates Associated with Weed Killers, Glyphosate
In May 2015, residents of a town in Argentina demanded action on high cancer death rates seen there. Nearly half of the deaths in recent years were caused by cancer; the national average is 18 percent.
Residents say the cancers were caused by heavy weed killer use on rice and soybean plots. "There's something going on here," said a local resident involved in the community group, "Todos por Todos," formed after the sudden death of a friend from a brain tumor. Many believe the high cancer rate has to do with weed killer chemicals that are widely used there.
Entre Ríos, the area involved, recently increased production of rice and soybeans, which are grown with the use of various pesticides and herbicides that maybe harmful to humans. Chemicals are sprayed on fields by special tractors and crop-dusting planes and may drift to nearby areas. Workers are exposed to the chemicals when tending and harvesting crops.
Reports note that there are limits on how close to neighborhoods farmers may spray, but that these limits are often ignored. Also, there are claims that discarded pesticide canisters have contaminated ground water in some neighborhoods.
Legal Help for Roundup Consumers
If you or someone you know has used or been exposed to Roundup, or has developed Parkinson's disease;, cancer, including leukemia and lymphoma; or liver disease, you may have valuable legal rights. To find out more about joining a class action lawsuit, please fill out our online form or call us at 1-800-YOURLAWYER (800-968-7529) to speak with our attorneys today.